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Дата: 02.02.2018

защита (2016)

Protect a worksheet Applies To: Excel 2016 Excel 2013 Excel 2010 Excel 2007 More... Less To prevent other users from accidentally or deliberately changing, moving, or deleting data in a worksheet, you can lock the cells on your Excel worksheet and then protect the sheet with a password. Say you own the team status report worksheet, where you want team members to add data in specific cells only and not be able to modify anything else.

With worksheet protection, you can make only certain parts of the sheet editable and users will not be able to modify data in any other region in the sheet. Worksheet level protection is not intended as a security feature. It simply prevents users from modifying locked cells within the worksheet. Protecting a worksheet is not the same as protecting an Excel file or a workbook with a password.

See below for more information: To know the difference between protecting your Excel file, workbook, or a worksheet see Protection and security in Excel. For more information, see Hide and protect formulas. You can enable users to work in specific ranges within a protected sheet.

For more information, see Lock or unlock specific areas of a protected worksheet. ActiveX controls, form controls, shapes, charts, SmartArt, Sparklines, Slicers, Timelines, to name a few, are already locked when you add them to a spreadsheet. But the lock will work only when you enable sheet protection. See the subsequent section for more information on how to enable sheet protection.

Enable worksheet protection Worksheet protection is a two-step process: Unlock any cells that needs to be editable In your Excel file, select the worksheet tab that you want to protect. Select the cells that others can edit. Protect the worksheet Next, select the actions that users should be allowed to take on the sheet, such as insert or delete columns or rows, edit objects, sort, or use AutoFilter, to name a few. Additionally, you can also specify a password to lock your worksheet.

A password prevents other people from removing the worksheet protection—it needs to be entered to unprotect the sheet. Given below are the steps to protect your sheet. On the Review tab, click Protect Sheet. In the Allow all users of this worksheet to list, select the elements you want people to be able to change. Option Allows users to Select locked cells Move the pointer to cells for which the Locked box is checked on the Protection tab of the Format Cells dialog box.

By default, users are allowed to select locked cells. Select unlocked cells Move the pointer to cells for which the Locked box is unchecked on the Protection tab of the Format Cells dialog box. By default, users can select unlocked cells, and they can press the TAB key to move between the unlocked cells on a protected worksheet.

If you applied conditional formatting before you protected the worksheet, the formatting continues to change when a user enters a value that satisfies a different condition. Format columns Use any of the column formatting commands, including changing column width or hiding columns Home tab, Cells group, Format button. Format rows Use any of the row formatting commands, including changing row height or hiding rows Home tab, Cells group, Format button.