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The city was known from Roman times as Hispalis. Hispalis developed into one of the great market and industrial centres of Hispania, while the nearby Roman city of Italica present-day Santiponce , birthplace of the Roman emperors Trajan and Hadrian  remained a typically Roman residential city.
Large-scale Roman archaeological remains can be seen there and at the nearby town of Carmona as well. The walls surrounding the city were originally built during the rule of Julius Caesar , but their current course and design were the result of Moorish reconstructions. Moorish era[ edit ] Seville was taken by the Moors , Muslims from North of Africa , during the conquest of Hispalis in 712. It was the capital for the kings of the Umayyad Caliphate , the Almoravid dynasty first and after the Almohad dynasty from Arabic al-Muwahhidun, i.
The Moorish urban influences continued and are present in contemporary Seville, for instance in the custom of decorating with herbaje and small fountains the courtyards of the houses. The decisive action took place in May 1248 when Ramon Bonifaz sailed up the Guadalquivir and severed the Triana bridge that made the provisioning of the city from the farms of the Aljarafe possible. The city surrendered on 23 November 1248. Many were killed during the pogrom, although most were forced to convert.
The first tribunal of the Spanish Inquisition was instituted in Seville in 1478. Alonso de Hojeda himself gave the sermon. The Inquisition then grew rapidly. By 1492, tribunals existed in eight Castilian cities: In addition, the river was heavily defended with fortifications since the Middle Ages. This made Seville the best defended port to bring the riches from the Americas.
Since only sailing ships leaving from and returning to the inland port of Seville could engage in trade with the Spanish Americas , merchants from Europe and other trade centres needed to go to Seville to acquire New World trade goods.
The Great Plague of Seville in 1649 reduced the population by almost half, and it would not recover until the early 19th century. After the silting up of the harbour by the Guadalquivir river , upriver shipping ceased and the city went into relative economic decline. The writer Miguel de Cervantes lived primarily in Seville between 1596 and 1600.
Because of financial problems, Cervantes worked as a purveyor for the Spanish Armada, and later as a tax collector. In 1597, discrepancies in his accounts of the three years previous landed him in the Royal Prison of Seville for a short time. Rinconete y Cortadillo , a popular comedy among his works, features two young vagabonds who come to Seville, attracted by the riches and disorder that the 16th-century commerce with the Americas had brought to that metropolis.
Royal Tobacco Factory , today rectorate of the University of Seville. Since the 1950s it has been the seat of the rectorate of the University of Seville, together with the Schools of Law, Philology, Geography and History. The Isabel II bridge, better known as the Triana bridge, dates from this period; street lighting was expanded in the municipality and most of the streets were paved during this time as well. The Sevillana de Electricidad Company was created in 1894 to provide electric power throughout the municipality,  and in 1901 the Plaza de Armas railway station was inaugurated.
Not long before the opening, the Spanish government began a modernisation of the city in order to prepare for the expected crowds by erecting new hotels and widening the mediaeval streets to allow for the movement of automobiles. General Queipo de Llano carried out a coup within the city, quickly capturing the city centre.
In 1953 the shipyard of Seville was opened, eventually employing more than 2,000 workers in the 1970s. Before the existence of wetlands regulation in the Guadalquivir basin, Seville suffered regular heavy flooding; perhaps worst of all were the floods that occurred in November 1961 when the River Tamarguillo, a tributary of the Guadalquivir, overflowed as a result of a prodigious downpour of rain, and Seville was consequently declared a disaster zone.
He visited the city again 13 June 1993, for the International Eucharistic Congress. In 1992, coinciding with the fifth centenary of the Discovery of the Americas , the Universal Exposition was held for six months in Seville, on the occasion of which the local communications network infrastructure was greatly improved: The Seville Airport , Aeropuerto de Sevilla , was expanded with a new terminal building designed by the architect Rafael Moneo , and various other improvements were made.
The monumental Puente del Alamillo Alamillo Bridge over the Guadalquivir, designed by the architect Santiago Calatrava , was built to allow access to the island of La Cartuja, site of the massive exposition. Some of the installations remaining at the site after the exposition were converted into the Scientific and Technological Park Cartuja 93.
The city is situated in the fertile valley of the Guadalquivir River. The average height above sea level is 7 metres 23 feet. Most of the city is on the east side of the river, while Triana , La Cartuja and Los Remedios are on the west side. The Aljarafe region lies further west, and is considered part of the metropolitan area. Further east from Seville in the Mediterranean Basin , it is on the same latitude as Catania of Sicily , Italy and just south of Athens , the capital of Greece.
Even further east, it is located on the same parallel as South Korean capital of Seoul. It is at a relative distance from the three larger cities in the country, as well as Lisbon in Portugal , making it by far the largest city in the south of the Iberian peninsula.
The annual average temperature is 25. Summer is the dominant season and lasts from May to October, the latter in spite of the dwindling daylight and inland position. With an annual average of 19. Average daily lows in July are 20. A historical record high disputed of 50. This temperature would be one of the highest ever recorded in Spain. On the very same day Amareleja in Portugal did reach an official maximum of 47.
Which shows that at the day, circumstances were right to reach these extreme values. The average sunshine hours in Seville are approximately 3000 per year. Snowfall is virtually unknown, as the last snowfall happened more than 6 decades ago 1954.
During the 20th century, Seville registered just 2 snowfalls, being the last one in February 2, 1954. January is the coolest month, with average maximum temperatures of 16.
December is the wettest month, with an average rainfall of 99 millimetres 3. On average there are 50. Climate data for Seville Airport 1981-2010 Month.