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маршал (1999)

His early schooling was hampered by what he has called "pretty severe dyslexia. He earned his M. D in history at Berkeley in 1992.

He has written extensively on Russian history as well on communications, the Internet and Wikipedia. Russian history[ edit ] Poe is the co-founder and a former editor of the academic journal Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History. It provides an overview of more than 1,400 years of Russian history beginning in the 6th to 9th centuries with the migration of Slavs from central Europe to the northeast. It ends with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Rather, he contends that the Communist Party lost faith in the traditional path that had not only preserved Russian independence for almost five centuries, but had also enabled the country to build a huge empire.

That path included a reliance on autocratic leadership , a command economy , tight controls on debate in the public sphere and a state-engineered military. It is difficult to see how such a thing could be seen as a failure. For example, it included a study by the U. National Academy of Sciences warning about the security risks posed by pools of spent fuel from nuclear power plants ; a report from a Brussels -based think tank noting that in spite of fears expressed by U.

Common Knowledge[ edit ] Poe became known for his commentary on Wikipedia following the publication of his article "The Hive" in The Atlantic. During an interview with Andrew Keen , he argued that through a collaborative group, great things can be accomplished.

Media and Society from the Evolution of Speech to the Internet, a 337-page book that analyzes how media networks originate, how they function and how they shape social practices and values. In his 1950 book Empire and Communications , Innis conducted a sweeping historical survey of how various media influenced the rise and fall of empires from ancient to modern times. He argues, for example, that audiovisual media such as radio, telephone, television and film were developed well before they were taken up by industrial capitalists who needed more effective ways to market the goods they produced.

Audiovisual media also served the interests of bureaucrats and politicians who gained popularity by giving citizens access to modern conveniences.

And, since evolutionary psychology suggests that human beings find it easier to listen and watch than to read and write, audiovisual media caught on rapidly. He provides a detailed analysis of each under eight headings: Poe writes, for example, that in the 150,000 years during which speech was the only medium or network, its accessibility was high because nearly everyone could speak and listen.

Privacy, however, was low in such face-to-face communication and so too was fidelity because speech can convey only sounds, not pictures or other direct sensory information. He draws many conclusions from this analysis including his theory that societies dominated by speech tended to be democratized and egalitarian , but also distrustful of strangers because as a medium, speech is suited to small, tightly knit groups.

Print Monograph Dead; Invent New Publishing Model," published in the Journal of Electronic Publishing, Poe questioned the viability of the old academic publishing model, arguing in favor of self-publishing and print on demand. He explained how he did this with one of the two volumes of his prosopographical study of the Russian elite in the early modern period. Without a copyright page, he explained, any reader could copy my book, send it all over the world, or use it in the classroom — all without my permission.

That, I responded, was the point. But the site now[ when? University of California, Berkeley , 1993. Foreign descriptions of Muscovy: Slavica, 1995 A people born to slavery: Russia in early modern European ethnography, 1476-1748.

Cornell University Press , 2000 Ed. The military and society in Russia: Leiden ; Boston, MA: The Russian moment in world history.

Slavica Publishers, 2003 Ed. Early exploration of Russia, edited by Marshall Poe. RoutledgeCurzon, 2004 The Russian elite in the seventeenth century. Academia Scientiarum Fennica , 2004 The Russian elite in the seventeenth century. Sarja Humaniora, 323 Helsinki: Academia Scientiarum Fennica, 2004.