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Дата: 01.01.2018

марлен (2000)

Josef von Sternberg directed the film and thereafter took credit for having "discovered" Dietrich. The car later appeared in their first US film Morocco.

Sternberg worked effectively with Dietrich to create the image of a glamorous and mysterious femme fatale. He encouraged her to lose weight and coached her intensively as an actress. She willingly followed his sometimes imperious direction in a way that a number of other performers resisted.

The film earned Dietrich her only Academy Award nomination. Morocco was followed by Dishonored 1931 , a major success with Dietrich cast as a Mata Hari -like spy. Dietrich and Sternberg again collaborated on the romance Blonde Venus 1932. Dietrich worked without Sternberg for the first time in three years in the romantic drama Song of Songs 1933 , playing a naive German peasant, under the direction of Rouben Mamoulian.

Dietrich later remarked that she was at her most beautiful in The Devil Is a Woman. Sternberg is noted for his exceptional skill in lighting and photographing Dietrich to optimum effect.

He had a signature use of light and shadow, including the impact of light passed through a veil or slatted blinds as for example in Shanghai Express.

This combined with the scrupulous attention to set design and costumes makes the films they made together among the most visually stylish in cinema history. While both films performed respectably at the box office, her vehicles were costly to produce and her public popularity had declined.

She refused their offers and applied for US citizenship in 1937. This was a significantly less well paid role than she had been accustomed to. The bawdy role revived her career and " See What the Boys in the Back Room Will Have ", a song she introduced in the film, became a hit when she recorded it for Decca. While Dietrich never fully regained her former screen success, she continued performing in motion pictures, including appearances for such distinguished directors as Alfred Hitchcock , Fritz Lang , Orson Welles , and Billy Wilder in films that included Golden Earrings 1947 , A Foreign Affair 1948 , Stage Fright 1950 , Rancho Notorious 1952 , Witness for the Prosecution 1957 , and Touch of Evil 1958.

In interviews, Dietrich stated that she had been approached by representatives of the Nazi Party to return to Germany but had turned them down flat. In 1939, she became an American citizen and renounced her German citizenship.

She toured the US from January 1942 to September 1943 appearing before 250,000 troops on the Pacific Coast leg of her tour alone and was reported to have sold more war bonds than any other star. Gavin and George S. When asked why she had done this, in spite of the obvious danger of being within a few kilometers of German lines, she replied, "aus Anstand"—"out of decency". Her revue, with Danny Thomas as her opening act for the first tour, included songs from her films, performances on her musical saw a skill she had originally acquired for stage appearances in Berlin in the 1920s and a pretend " mindreading " act, which Orson Welles, a close friend, had taught her.

Dietrich would inform the audience that she could read minds and ask them to concentrate on whatever came into their minds. Then she would walk over to a soldier and earnestly tell him, "Oh, think of something else.

Donovan , head of the OSS, wrote to Dietrich, "I am personally deeply grateful for your generosity in making these recordings for us. They had resided in the German city of Belsen throughout the war years, running a cinema frequented by Nazi officers and officials who oversaw the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.

From the early 1950s until the mid-1970s, Dietrich worked almost exclusively as a highly paid cabaret artist, performing live in large theatres in major cities worldwide. The show was short, consisting only of a few songs associated with her. But she had also come to rely on him in order to perform, and wrote about his leaving in her memoir: From that fateful day on, I have worked like a robot, trying to recapture the wonderful woman he helped make out of me.

I even succeeded in this effort for years, because I always thought of him, always longed for him, always looked for him in the wings, and always fought against self-pity... He had become so indispensable to me that, without him, I no longer took much joy in singing. When he left me, I felt like giving everything up. I had lost my director, my support, my teacher, my maestro. He wrote in 1964: Those who find themselves unable to share this belief tend to blame themselves rather than her.

Dietrich in Jerusalem during a tour in Israel , 1960 Marlene Dietrich discusses her film and cabaret career in an interview recorded in Paris, 1959. East Germany, however, received her well. Maybe once, but not now," Dietrich told Clive Hirschhorn in 1973, explaining that she continued performing only for the money. The inscription reads "Hier steh ich an den Marken meiner Tage" literally: An alcoholic dependent on painkillers, Dietrich withdrew to her apartment at 12 Avenue Montaigne in Paris.

She spent the final 11 years of her life mostly bedridden, allowing only a select few—including family and employees—to enter the apartment. During this time, she was a prolific letter-writer and phone-caller. He used his interviews with her as the basis for the film, set to a collage of film clips from her career. The final film won several European film prizes and received an Academy Award nomination for Best Documentary in 1984.

Newsweek named it "a unique film, perhaps the most fascinating and affecting documentary ever made about a great movie star". In 1989, her appeal to save the Babelsberg studios from closure was broadcast on BBC Radio , and she spoke on television via telephone on the occasion of the fall of the Berlin Wall later that year. On 6 May 1992, Dietrich died of renal failure at her flat in Paris at age 90. The officiating priest remarked: She lived like a soldier and would like to be buried like a soldier".

She was fluent in German, English, and French. Dietrich, who was bisexual , quietly enjoyed the thriving gay scene of the time and drag balls of 1920s Berlin. She would later become an actress, primarily working in television. They often overlapped and were almost all known to her husband, to whom she was in the habit of passing the love letters from her men, sometimes with biting comments. In 1938, Dietrich met and began a relationship with writer Erich Maria Remarque , and in 1941, the French actor and military hero Jean Gabin.

The relationship ended in the mid-1940s. In the early 1940s, Dietrich also had an affair with John Wayne , her co-star in two films. Dietrich had a strong friendship with Orson Welles , who for her was a kind of platonic love and whom she considered a genius.

Sewing circle was a phrase used by Dietrich [87] to describe the underground, closeted lesbian and bisexual film actresses and their relationships in Hollywood. Sappho goes to Hollywood. The author wrote that, in her research, she found proof of a never-before-reported affair between Garbo and Dietrich. She wrote that they met in Berlin in 1925 while Garbo was filming The Joyless Street and Dietrich had a minor part in the film.

Dietrich confirmed that she was indeed in The Joyless Street with Garbo. She admitted it to her British late-life friend and biographer David Bret, an expert on the Berlin nightlife of her era.

Finally, in the summer of 1945, when Dietrich was the guest of Orson Welles and his wife Rita Hayworth at their house in Los Angeles, she decided it was time to attempt a reconciliation with Garbo. Welles presented the two women to each other, and promptly Dietrich swarmed around Garbo and told her how inspiring she was, calling Garbo goettlich divine and an unsterbliche undying muse.

She had her eyelashes beaded. Do you know how long it takes to have your eyelashes beaded? Garbo is supposed to have admired the baby and not recognized Dietrich.

In one of her last interviews, in the early 1990s, the Paris Match magazine asked Dietrich who are, beside her, the biggest movie legends of all time. Kennedy , Michael Wilding , and Frank Sinatra among her conquests. Edith Head remarked that she knew more about fashion than any other actress.

Dietrich herself favored Dior. In an interview with The Observer in 1960, she said, "I dress for the image. Not for myself, not for the public, not for fashion, not for men. But I dress for the profession. Emphasis is placed, inter alia, on the "fetishistic" manipulation of the female image.

A postage stamp bearing her portrait was issued in Germany on 14 August 1997. It is platinum-plated and has an encrusted deep blue sapphire. The main-belt asteroid 1010 Marlene , discovered by German astronomer Karl Reinmuth at Heidelberg Observatory in 1923, was named in her honor.

Berliner Weltstar des Films und des Chansons. Dedication to freedom and democracy, to Berlin and Germany". Dietrich was made an honorary citizen of Berlin on 16 May 2002. Translated from German, her memorial plaque reads Berlin Memorial Plaque "Tell me, where have all the flowers gone" Marlene Dietrich 27 December 1901 — 6 May 1992 Actress and Singer She was one of the few German actresses that attained international significance.

In 2002, the city of Berlin posthumously made her an honorary citizen. Government awarded Dietrich the Medal of Freedom for her war work. Dietrich has been quoted as saying this was the honor of which she was most proud in her life. They also awarded her with the Operation Entertainment Medal. On 27 December 2017, she was given a Google Doodle on the 116th anniversary of her birth.