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Дата: 29.01.2018

ганеш (2009)

The Hindu title of respect Shri Sanskrit: One popular way Ganesha is worshipped is by chanting a Ganesha Sahasranama , a litany of "a thousand names of Ganesha". Each name in the sahasranama conveys a different meaning and symbolises a different aspect of Ganesha.

At least two different versions of the Ganesha Sahasranama exist; one version is drawn from the Ganesha Purana , a Hindu scripture venerating Ganesha. Narain differentiates these terms by saying that pille means a "child" while pillaiyar means a "noble child". He adds that the words pallu, pella, and pell in the Dravidian family of languages signify "tooth or tusk of an elephant", but more generally "elephant".

Sritattvanidhi This statue of Ganesha was created in the Mysore District of Karnataka in the 13th century. Ganesha is a popular figure in Indian art. The earliest known image occurs at the Kantaka Cetiya in Mihintale , which is dated to earlier than the 1st century BC. The figure is a one-tusked Gana dwarf attended by other ganas, who hold the various attributes of the deity. A virtually identical statue has been dated between 973—1200 by Paul Martin-Dubost, [35] and another similar statue is dated c.

This statue has four arms, which is common in depictions of Ganesha. He holds his own broken tusk in his lower-right hand and holds a delicacy, which he samples with his trunk, in his lower-left hand. The motif of Ganesha turning his trunk sharply to his left to taste a sweet in his lower-left hand is a particularly archaic feature. In the standard configuration, Ganesha typically holds an axe or a goad in one upper arm and a noose in the other upper arm.

The influence of this old constellation of iconographic elements can still be seen in contemporary representations of Ganesha. In one modern form, the only variation from these old elements is that the lower-right hand does not hold the broken tusk but rather is turned toward the viewer in a gesture of protection or fearlessness abhaya mudra.

Miniature of Nurpur school circa 1810. The god Vishnu came to the rescue and replaced the missing head with that of an elephant. Because Shiva considered Ganesha too alluring, he gave him the head of an elephant and a protruding belly. Specific colors are associated with certain forms. Ganesha is often shown riding on or attended by a mouse or rat. It was essential to subdue the rat as a destructive pest, a type of vighna impediment that needed to be overcome.

Ganesha is widely worshiped across India as the remover of obstacles. Ganesha is Vighneshvara or Vighnaraja, the Lord of Obstacles, both of a material and spiritual order. Paul Courtright says that "his task in the divine scheme of things, his dharma , is to place and remove obstacles.

It is his particular territory, the reason for his creation. Chinmayananda translates the relevant passage as follows: You are the Trinity Brahma , Vishnu , and Mahesa. You are the three worlds Bhuloka [earth], Antariksha-loka [space], and Swargaloka [heaven]. That is to say, You are all this. Mula means "original, main"; adhara means "base, foundation". The muladhara chakra is the principle on which the manifestation or outward expansion of primordial Divine Force rests.

Courtright translates this passage as follows: Kangra miniature, 18th century. Allahbad Museum, New Delhi. In northern India , Skanda is generally said to be the elder, while in the south, Ganesha is considered the first born. As Skanda fell, Ganesha rose. Several stories tell of sibling rivalry between the brothers [106] and may reflect sectarian tensions. Ganesha is worshipped on many religious and secular occasions; especially at the beginning of ventures such as buying a vehicle or starting a business.

Somayaji says, "there can hardly be a [Hindu] home [in India] which does not house an idol of Ganapati. Ganesh Chaturthi An annual festival honours Ganesha for ten days, starting on Ganesh Chaturthi, which typically falls in late August or early September.

Located within a 100-kilometer radius of the city of Pune , each of these eight shrines celebrates a particular form of Ganapati, complete with its own lore and legend; together they "form a mandala , demarking the sacred cosmos of Ganesha". Prominent Ganesha temples in southern India include the following: His antecedents are not clear.

His wide acceptance and popularity, which transcend sectarian and territorial limits, are indeed amazing. On the other hand there are doubts about the existence of the idea and the icon of this deity" before the fourth to fifth century A.