Смотреть фантом (1967) в Full HD качестве ОНЛАЙН

Дата: 30.12.2017

фантом (1967)

The company developed several projects including a variant powered by a Wright J67 engine, [15] and variants powered by two Wright J65 engines, or two General Electric J79 engines.

On 26 May 1955, four Navy officers arrived at the McDonnell offices and, within an hour, presented the company with an entirely new set of requirements. Because the Navy already had the Douglas A-4 Skyhawk for ground attack and F-8 Crusader for dogfighting, the project now had to fulfill the need for an all-weather fleet defense interceptor. A second crewman was added to operate the powerful radar. As in the McDonnell F-101 Voodoo , the engines sat low in the fuselage to maximize internal fuel capacity and ingested air through fixed geometry intakes.

The wings also received the distinctive "dogtooth" for improved control at high angles of attack. The Phantom made its maiden flight on 27 May 1958 with Robert C. Little at the controls. A hydraulic problem precluded retraction of the landing gear but subsequent flights went more smoothly. Early testing resulted in redesign of the air intakes, including the distinctive addition of 12,500 holes to "bleed off" the slow-moving boundary layer air from the surface of each intake ramp.

Series production aircraft also featured splitter plates to divert the boundary layer away from the engine intakes. Due to operator workload, the Navy wanted a two-seat aircraft and on 17 December 1958 the F4H was declared a winner. In 1959, the Phantom began carrier suitability trials with the first complete launch-recovery cycle performed on 15 February 1960 from Independence.

Shortly after this photograph was taken, the F-104 and XB-70 collided, killing the pilot of the F-104 and the co-pilot of the XB-70. A total of 45 F-4As were built and none saw combat and most ended up as test or training aircraft.

Navy-initiated refurbishment program called "Project Bee Line" [27] with 228 converted by 1978. Except for Skyburner, all records were achieved in unmodified production aircraft. Five of the speed records remained unbeaten until the F-15 Eagle appeared in 1975. He then shut down the engines and glided to the peak altitude. To celebrate the 50th anniversary of Naval aviation L is the Roman numeral for 50 and ANA stood for Anniversary of Naval Aviation on 24 May 1961, Phantoms flew across the continental United States in under three hours and included several tanker refuelings.

The fastest of the aircraft averaged 869. Felsman, USN was killed during the first attempt at this record on 18 May 1961 when his aircraft disintegrated in the air after pitch damper failure. On 22 November 1961, a modified Phantom with water injection piloted by Lt. Robinson, set an absolute world record average speed over a 20-mile 32.

A series of time-to-altitude records was set in early 1962: Innovations in the F-4 included an advanced pulse-Doppler radar and extensive use of titanium in its airframe. Although thus subject to irrecoverable spins during aileron rolls, pilots reported the aircraft to be very communicative and easy to fly on the edge of its performance envelope. In 1972, the F-4E model was upgraded with leading edge slats on the wing, greatly improving high angle of attack maneuverability at the expense of top speed.

For a brief period, doctrine held that turning combat would be impossible at supersonic speeds and little effort was made to teach pilots air combat maneuvering. In reality, engagements quickly became subsonic, as pilots would slow down in an effort to get behind their adversaries. Furthermore, the relatively new heat-seeking and radar-guided missiles at the time were frequently reported as unreliable and pilots had to use multiple shots also known as ripple-firing , just to hit one enemy fighter.

To compound the problem, rules of engagement in Vietnam precluded long-range missile attacks in most instances, as visual identification was normally required. Many pilots found themselves on the tail of an enemy aircraft but too close to fire short-range Falcons or Sidewinders. Some Marine Corps aircraft carried two pods for strafing.

In addition to the loss of performance due to drag , combat showed the externally mounted cannon to be inaccurate unless frequently boresighted , yet far more cost-effective than missiles.