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Дата: 15.02.2018

бэтмен (1966)

In response, Bob Kane created "the Bat-Man". He had two stiff wings that were sticking out, looking like bat wings. And under it was a big sign... Wayne, being a playboy, was a man of gentry. I searched for a name that would suggest colonialism. I tried Adams, Hancock... Details find predecessors in pulp fiction , comic strips , newspaper headlines, and autobiographical details referring to Kane himself. Like them, Batman performed his heroic deeds in secret, averted suspicion by playing aloof in public, and marked his work with a signature symbol.

I thought that red and black would be a good combination. Bill said that the costume was too bright: As Bill and I talked, we realized that these wings would get cumbersome when Bat-Man was in action and changed them into a cape, scalloped to look like bat wings when he was fighting or swinging down on a rope. This byline did not originally say "Batman created by Bob Kane"; his name was simply written on the title page of each story.

In the late 1970s, when Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster began receiving a "created by" credit on the Superman titles, along with William Moulton Marston being given the byline for creating Wonder Woman , Batman stories began saying "Created by Bob Kane" in addition to the other credits.

Finger did not receive the same recognition. Kane wrote, "Bill was disheartened by the lack of major accomplishments in his career. He felt that he had not used his creative potential to its fullest and that success had passed him by. Jerry Robinson , who also worked with Finger and Kane on the strip at this time, has criticized Kane for failing to share the credit. He recalled Finger resenting his position, stating in a 2005 interview with The Comics Journal: That was one thing I would never forgive Bob for, was not to take care of Bill or recognize his vital role in the creation of Batman.

As with Siegel and Shuster, it should have been the same, the same co-creator credit in the strip, writer, and artist.

This statement is fraudulent and entirely untrue. So Bill never asked me for it [the byline] and I never volunteered — I guess my ego at that time. And I felt badly, really, when he [Finger] died. Dawn of Justice and the second season of Gotham after a deal was worked out between the Finger family and DC.

Arkham Knight Genesis 3. The updated acknowledgment for the character appeared as "Batman created by Bob Kane with Bill Finger". Cover art by Bob Kane. Finger said, "Batman was originally written in the style of the pulps", [26] and this influence was evident with Batman showing little remorse over killing or maiming criminals. Batman proved a hit character, and he received his own solo title in 1940 while continuing to star in Detective Comics. Creators including Jerry Robinson and Dick Sprang also worked on the strips during this period.

Over the course of the first few Batman strips elements were added to the character and the artistic depiction of Batman evolved. Days later, at their grave, the child vows that "by the spirits of my parents [I will] avenge their deaths by spending the rest of my life warring on all criminals".

That story prompted editor Whitney Ellsworth to decree that the character could no longer kill or use a gun. The impact of this editorial approach was evident in Batman comics of the postwar period; removed from the "bleak and menacing world" of the strips of the early 1940s, Batman was instead portrayed as a respectable citizen and paternal figure that inhabited a "bright and colorful" environment.

Wertham criticized Batman comics for their supposed homosexual overtones and argued that Batman and Robin were portrayed as lovers. The tendency towards a "sunnier Batman" in the postwar years intensified after the introduction of the Comics Code. Bob Kane noted that, as a result, DC was "planning to kill Batman off altogether".

Schwartz introduced changes designed to make Batman more contemporary, and to return him to more detective-oriented stories. He brought in artist Carmine Infantino to help overhaul the character.

The space aliens, time travel, and characters of the 1950s such as Batwoman, Ace, and Bat-Mite were retired. The success of the series increased sales throughout the comic book industry, and Batman reached a circulation of close to 900,000 copies. Although both the comics and TV show were successful for a time, the camp approach eventually wore thin and the show was canceled in 1968.

In the aftermath, the Batman comics themselves lost popularity once again. As Julius Schwartz noted, "When the television show was a success, I was asked to be campy, and of course when the show faded, so did the comic books.

I went to the DC library and read some of the early stories. I tried to get a sense of what Kane and Finger were after. The Animated Series , which debuted in 1992. The comic book, which tells the story of a 55-year-old Batman coming out of retirement in a possible future, reinvigorated the character. The Batman comics garnered major attention in 1988 when DC Comics created a 900 number for readers to call to vote on whether Jason Todd , the second Robin, lived or died.

A Death in the Family. Writers Doug Moench , Chuck Dixon , and Alan Grant worked on the Batman titles during "Knightfall", and would also contribute to other Batman crossovers throughout the 1990s.

Along with longtime collaborator Tim Sale, they wrote two miniseries " The Long Halloween " and " Dark Victory " that pit an early in his career version of Batman against his entire rogues gallery most notably Two-Face , whose origin was re-envisioned by Loeb while dealing with various mysteries involving serial killers Holiday and the Hangman. In 2003, Loeb teamed with artist Jim Lee to work on another mystery arc: Hush " for the main Batman book. All-Star Batman and Robin See also: Written by Frank Miller and drawn by Jim Lee, the series was a commercial success for DC Comics, [61] [62] although it was widely panned by critics for its writing and strong depictions of violence.

Most notably of these elements were the science fiction themed storylines of the 1950s Batman comics, which Morrison revised as hallucinations Batman suffered under the influence of various mind-bending gases and extensive sensory deprivation training. In the 2009 miniseries Batman: The Return of Bruce Wayne saw Bruce travel through history, eventually returning to the present day.

Although he reclaimed the mantle of Batman, he also allowed Grayson to continue being Batman as well. Bruce decided to take his crime-fighting cause globally, which is the central focus of Batman Incorporated. Also, Bruce appeared in another ongoing series, Batman: The New 52 See also: Dick Grayson returns to the mantle of Nightwing and appears in his own ongoing series.

Batman Incorporated was relaunched in 2012—2013 to complete the "Leviathan" storyline. With the beginning of the New 52, Scott Snyder was the writer of the Batman title. His first major story arc was " Night of the Owls ", where Batman confronts the Court of Owls , a secret society that has controlled Gotham for centuries. The second story arc was " Death of the Family ", where the Joker returns to Gotham and simultaneously attacks each member of the Batman family. The third story arc was " Batman: The final storyline before the " Convergence " 2015 storyline was " Endgame ", depicting the supposed final battle between Batman and the Joker when he unleashes the deadly Endgame virus onto Gotham City.

Starting with Batman vol. However, Bruce Wayne is soon revealed to be alive, albeit now suffering almost total amnesia of his life as Batman and only remembering his life as Bruce Wayne through what he has learned from Alfred. Bruce Wayne finds happiness and proposes to his girlfriend, Julie Madison , but Mr.

Bloom heavily injures Jim Gordon and takes control of Gotham City and threatens to destroy the city by energizing a particle reactor to create a "strange star" to swallow the city. Bruce Wayne discovers the truth that he was Batman and after talking to a stranger who smiles a lot it is heavily implied that this is the amnesic Joker he forces Alfred to implant his memories as Batman, but at the cost of his memories as the reborn Bruce Wayne. He returns and helps Jim Gordon defeat Mr.

Bloom and shut down the reactor. Gordon gets his job back as the commissioner, and the government Batman project is shut down. Batman was rebooted as starting with a one-shot issue entitled Batman: Rebirth 1 August 2016. The series then began shipping twice-monthly as a third volume, starting with Batman vol.

The Batman series introduced two vigilantes, Gotham and Gotham Girl. As a child, Bruce witnessed the murder of his parents, Dr. Thomas Wayne and Martha Wayne , which ultimately led him to craft the Batman persona and seek justice against criminals. He resides on the outskirts of Gotham City in his personal residence, Wayne Manor. Although Bruce Wayne leads an active romantic life, his vigilante activities as Batman account for most of his time.

Writers of Batman and Superman stories have often compared and contrasted the two. Interpretations vary depending on the writer, the story, and the timing. He notes an equally stark contrast in their real identities. Bruce Wayne and Clark Kent belong to different social classes: Criminals are a superstitious cowardly lot.

So my disguise must be able to strike terror into their hearts. I must be a creature of the night, black, terrible... Julie and Murray did not want to coordinate their efforts, nor were they asked to do so. Continuity was not important in those days. Frank Miller views the character as "a dionysian figure, a force for anarchy that imposes an individual order".

Alternative versions of Batman On several occasions former Robin Dick Grayson has served as Batman; most notably in 2009 while Wayne was believed dead, and served as a second Batman even after Wayne returned in 2010.

In an interview with IGN , Morrison detailed that having Dick Grayson as Batman and Damian Wayne as Robin represented a "reverse" of the normal dynamic between Batman and Robin, with, "a more light-hearted and spontaneous Batman and a scowling, badass Robin". Morrison explained his intentions for the new characterization of Batman: